Hemorrhoids are veins in the anal canal or rectum that become swollen or stretched. Symptoms may include rectal bleeding, pain, burnin, and itching although in many cases they do not cause any problems.

There are two types of hemorrhoids: external and internal. External are swollen veins that can be seen under the skin outside the rectum. They look like a small bulge and are the same color as the skin. Internal hemorrhoids are swollen veins inside the rectum. Hemorrhoids develop as a result of increased pressure caused by straining during bowel movements or by the increased pressure on the rectum created by the fetus during pregnancy.

About 50% of the population has them, and treatment includes eliminating constipation, increasing water and fiber intake; over the counter medications may be used to reduce swelling and eliminate symptoms.

Hemorrhoids that bleed excessively or are very painful may be treated with infrared coagulation. This treatment, performed at the Fremont Surgery Center, utilizes a laser like device to destroy the hemorrhoid. Post procedure bleeding and discomfort are minimal, and the recovery period is usually one day or less. This treatment can eliminate the need for surgical removal in many cases.

For Additional Information, Please go to Hemorrhoids.