A healthy colon is like a long muscular tube that squeezes food through the large intestine to the rectum.

Diverticulosis is a condition that occurs when small pouches form inside the large intestine. These puches can cause symptoms such as cramping, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, pain and bleeding, although some people do not experience any symptoms. The pouches can become infected, causing a more serious problem called diverticulosis.

Diverticulosis is probably caused by a high fat, low fiber diet or by genetic factors. While it cannot be reversed, it can be controlled. The treatment usually consists of diet changes and or medication. In severe cases surgery may be recommended. The diagnostic tests include colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, and/or barium X-ray.

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